Reviewer Guidelines

REVIEWER GUIDELINES
SECTION A – GUIDELINES FOR MANUSCRIPT REVIEW

Please review the manuscript as you would want one of your manuscripts reviewed. Provide as many constructive comments and useful recommendations as possible. Provide the reasons for your evaluation of the manuscript.

As a reviewer you have the responsibility for providing a constructive, well-reasoned appraisal of manuscripts phrased in the spirit of professional courtesy. For each manuscript you should be able to provide a clear and definite answer to the following questions:

  • Has any material in this article been published previously? If so, please supply details to the editor.
  • Is the research of adequate significance (new findings, confirms or contradicts other work) to warrant publication?
  • Is the research scientifically sound?

The following outline may assist you in your evaluation of a manuscript.

Title
Is the title appropriate and clear?

Abstract
  • Is it specific and representative of the article?
  • Is the motive for the research indicated?
Introduction
  • Identify subject, is the subject of the article clearly identified?
  • Orient research to previous concepts and research.
  • State hypothesis, objectives and/or purpose. Is the purpose clearly stated?
  • Is the objective and/or hypothesis important for the area of research?
Materials and Methods
  • Design, is the design appropriate for the purpose of the study?
  • Model, is the statistical analysis clearly presented with the most appropriate method for treatment comparisons?
  • Subject(s), are all subjects identified?
  • Materials
  • Procedures, is there sufficient detail to enable the reader to duplicate the procedures?
  • Methods for observations and interpretation.
Title Page
The first page should include the title, names of authors, centre where the work was carried out and a short running title. The full postal address of the corresponding author, with postal code, phone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail address must also be provided on the title page.

Abstract
A structured abstract (no more than 250 words) is required for original articles and must provide an overview of the entire paper, with succinct statements on objectives, design, subjects, interventions, outcome measures, results and conclusions. For other types of manuscript, a short summary may be adequate.

Tables
Tables must be typed on separate pages and numbered consecutively. Each must have a brief heading describing the contents. Tables must be referred to in the text and information in them not duplicated in the text

Illustrations
Photographs, photomicrographs, electron micrographs and imaging figures must be of high quality and submitted in three original copies. A size of 235 x 264 mm is advised and the figure number should appear on the back of each, together with an arrow indicating the top edge. For photomicrographs, details of stains and a scale bar should be provided. Where patient’s identity is not concealed in a photograph, a written consent from the patient must be submitted. Colour figures may attract a fee (consult the editorial office for details). If any tables, illustrations or photomicrographs have been published elsewhere, a written consent for reproduction is required from the copyright holder and the author(s). Charts and drawings must be done professionally. When charts are submitted, the numerical data on which they were based should be supplied.

Abbreviations
Abbreviations should be defined on first use and then applied consistently subsequently. Non-standard abbreviations or those used less than three times in the text are not permitted.

Numbers and Units
Measurements must be reported in metric units only. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius. Blood pressure should be expressed in mm Hg. and haematological and biochemical measurements in SI (Systeme Internationale) units. Decimal points must be used appropriately and not commas.

Trade Names
Non-proprietary (generic) names of products should be used. If a brand name for a drug is used, the British or International non-proprietary (approved) name should be given. The source of any new or experimental preparation should also be given.

References
References should be limited to those relating directly to contents of the paper. References should be cited in sequence and numbered by Arabic numerals in superscript. The list of references at the end of the article should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. They should give the names and initials of all authors. The authors’ names must be followed by the title of the article, the title of the journal, abbreviated in the style of the Index Medicus, the year of publication, the volume number and the first and last page numbers. References of books should give the title of the book, followed by the place of publication, the year and the relevant pages.

Review Process
The PMJG will peer review all the material it receives. Manuscripts will be reviewed by external referees when it is deemed necessary. In studies that contain quantitative data and statistical inferences, the Editor may request that a statistician reviews them. For studies based on questionnaires, authors are required to attach the questionnaire to the manuscript, in order to facilitate the review process.

Proofs
Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author, preferably as an attachment to an e-mail. Corrected proofs should be returned with the least possible delay. Alterations made to the proofs other than the correction of printer’s errors are charged to the author.

Disclaimer
The Editors and Publishers are not liable for any errors or consequences arising from the use of information contained in the journal. Views and opinions expressed in this journal do not necessarily reflect those of the Editors and Publishers. Publication of adverts does not constitute endorsement by the Editors and Publishers of the products advertised.

Copyright
The publisher reserves copyright on the journal’s contents. No part may be reproduced, translated or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic or mechanical, including scanning, photocopying, recording or any other information storage and retrieval system without prior permission from the publisher. The publisher shall not be held responsible for any inaccuracy of the information contained therein.